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    andreyveritas's Avatar
    andreyveritas Posts: 32, Reputation: 0
    Junior Member

    Apr 22, 2013, 05:02 PM
    What claim the author is making in this passage?
    ]what his grounds are for that claim, and what is at stake in the passage—what are the implications, and why is it significant for the argument as a whole/.

    “From this fundamental law of nature, by which men are commanded to endeavor peace, is derived this second law: that a man be willing, when others are so too, as far forth as for peace and defense of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down this right to all things; and be contented with so much liberty against other men as he would allow other men against himself. For as long as every man Holder this right, of doing anything he like; so long are all men in the condition of war. But if other men will not lay down their right, as well as he, then there is no reason for anyone to divest himself of his: for that were to expose himself to prey, which no man is bound to, rather than to dispose himself to peace” (p. 4-5).
    Tuttyd's Avatar
    Tuttyd Posts: 53, Reputation: 4
    Junior Member

    Apr 22, 2013, 06:37 PM
    If this is homework then I can't really tell you the answer because it is against the rules to do so.

    Perhaps we can look at Thomas Hobbes' life in order to understand why he might up with such a statement.

    Hobbes' greatest fear was living in a society that was characterized by life being 'solitary, poor,nasty,brutish and short'. This was of course understandable because he lived in a very turbulent time in history. The greatest enemy of the time for Hobbes was a chaotic society.

    Hobbes' writing reflect the desire for a strong monarch to wield absolute power rather than living in a society whereby individuals are constantly at war with each other. Hobbes' view of human is also rather pessimistic. Humans by their nature are selfish and egoistical. They will, if necessary get their own way even if it requires violence. Furthermore. In such a 'state of nature' the strong will always overpower the weak. Hobbes believed that the only solution to the problem is for men to enter into an agreement in order to overcome a state of ongoing war. This move was also significant because he was one of the first to use the idea of 'social contract' to solve the problem.

    Hobbes wanted men to enter into an agreement with a powerful monarch. Hobbes was of the opinion that monarchy was the best form of government because others forms of government usually lapse into divisions and struggles. A single ruler doesn't suffer from the problem of division.

    The important point of the social contract is that both parties have obligations. The obligation of the monarch is to provide self protection of every individual.
    Individuals who make up society are required to forgo their natural war like instincts in return for a guarantee of peace.
    andreyveritas's Avatar
    andreyveritas Posts: 32, Reputation: 0
    Junior Member

    Apr 22, 2013, 08:00 PM
    Thank you so much for you help! I appreciate it.

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