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    Yatin's Avatar
    Yatin Posts: 1, Reputation: 1
    New Member

    Aug 22, 2008, 09:33 AM
    How to measure height of mountain
    What is the process or technique or instrument used to measure height of mountain
    wildandblue's Avatar
    wildandblue Posts: 663, Reputation: 57
    Senior Member

    Aug 22, 2008, 12:53 PM
    Tool is called a transit, and it's based on simple geometry like finding the length of the side of a triangle when you know the degrees of it's angles and the length of 1 side.
    prince---nirwal's Avatar
    prince---nirwal Posts: 1, Reputation: 1
    New Member

    Nov 6, 2009, 06:08 AM

    No,u are wrong
    JGod's Avatar
    JGod Posts: 2, Reputation: 1
    New Member

    Nov 16, 2009, 07:01 AM
    Transits won't work, firstly, every country in the world (nearly) has a different mean sea level, and at the scale of a mountain, curvature and refraction claculations are not accurate enough. Curvature of the earth, and refraction, due to the different strata, densities, humidities, and temperatures of the layers of atmosphere the instrument is measuring through.

    Even if measured from various points there is always a calculation erry (pyramid of error).

    Gravity is different dependent on the rocks in the earths crust below the mountain ground, same goes for magnetomic - magnetism.

    The world is not a sphere it is a geode, i.e. thicker round the equator, and dips in on heavy mountain ranges (e.g. the range everest is in) so measurements must only be acurate if take, from what is a truly arbitrary base height.

    The answer is truly complex, and based on gravity readings taken by the US and UK governments gravity survey to calculate the corrections needed for the WGS GPS theoretical geode (the true shape of the world - ish) system.

    All points of "interest" have been re-measured, since the invention of GPS by data post processing, I am not entire sure if this has been entirely redone with Real time GPS.

    The earth has also of course been "measureg" with Radar survey from orbit, but they can "miss bits", so the peaks may not reflect is they do not "bounce" the signal perfectly back.

    Any measure is always going to be an approximation, no matter what system. And the next time it is measure it will probably be different, as mountians are a. heavy and may sink, b. may be on or near an active fault line, so can go up or down, c. be in an active volcanic region, and again can move.

    I hope this is a sufficient answer, but the answer is measured by various means, repeatedly.

    A "local survey" to the countries local Mean sea level, may be different, but always within a few inches the world average, thanks to the imperial actions of the major countries in the 19th century, as they all measure what they had conquered, normaly for military reasons, but for instance the UK "Ordnance Survey" which retains the military Monica.
    JGod's Avatar
    JGod Posts: 2, Reputation: 1
    New Member

    Nov 16, 2009, 07:08 AM

    Sorry for the spelling mistakes and typos, in a bit of a rush to go out.
    T_Bhargava's Avatar
    T_Bhargava Posts: 1, Reputation: 1
    New Member

    Jan 29, 2011, 06:29 AM
    I think that triangulation method is the best method.
    r Squared's Avatar
    r Squared Posts: 2, Reputation: 1
    New Member

    Nov 25, 2013, 03:14 PM
    Originally, You needed to fix the position of a peak by triangulation or trilateration. Then you could work out the height by measuring the vertical angles from known points. You could use trigonometry to calculate the height using the angles and horizontal distances. (Ideally from several known points and take the mean).

    These days you could just use a GPS which would use satellites to give you your position and height.

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