Preparing a cash budget
Asked Jul 24, 2008, 08:06 AM
The Sharpe Corporation: Detailed cash flow budget for the first seven months of 2004
The Sharpe Corporation's projected sales for the first eight months of 2004 are as follows:
Of Sharpe's sales 10 percent is for cash, another 60 percent is collected in the month following sale, and 30 percent is collected in the second month following sale. November and December sales for 2003 were $220,000 and $175,000, respectively.
Sharpe purchases its raw materials two months in advance of its sales equal to 60 percent of their final sales price. The supplier is paid one month after it makes delivery. For example, purchases for April sales are made in February and payment is made in March.
In addition, Sharpe pays $10,000 per month for rent and $20,000 each month for other expenditures. Tax prepayments of $22,500 are made each quarter, beginning in March.
The company's cash balance at December 31, 2003, was $22,000; a minimum balance of $15,000 must be maintained at all times. Assume that any short-term financing needed to maintain the cash balance is paid off in the month following the month of financing if sufficient funds are available. Interest on short-term loans (12 percent) is paid monthly. Borrowing to meet estimated monthly cash needs takes place at the beginning of the month. Thus, if in the month of April the firm expects to have a need for an additional $60,500, these funds would be borrowed at the beginning of April with interest of $605 (.12 * 1/12 * $60,500) owed for April and paid at the beginning of May.
a.) Prepare a cash budget for Sharpe covering the first seven months of 2004.
I have the basic layout figured out such as cash receipts, cash disbursements, net change in cash for the period, and new finance needed. I have a few things figured out such as under sales there is 10% cash, 60% for the first month, and 30% for the second month. I also figured out rent for all seven months is 10,000 and put 20,000 under other expenses. I would really appreciate help to point me in the right direction and help me out on this. I keep reading the example and am trying to figure it out based on that but its like gibberesh to me and I am having a hard time understand.