# nitric acid and sodium equation

i know it si HNO3 Na = NaN03 H2

But how do i balance it please

 Chic_Bowdrie Posts: 54, Reputation: 31 Junior Member #2 May 6, 2012, 07:52 AM
Quote:
 Originally Posted by Hello411 i know it si HNO3 Na = NaN03 H2 But how do i balance it please
Your reaction is probably HNO3 + Na => NaN03 + H2. There are general rules for balancing chemical equations and some are so complicated that following the rules is crucial. This equation is not like that. The main thing to notice is the primary elements N and Na are already balanced. So is O. All you have to do is insert 1/2 in front of the H2 and the equation balances. Its OK to multiply both sides by 2 and express the final answer as 2HNO3 + 2Na => 2NaNO3 + H2
 Hello411 Posts: 3, Reputation: 1 New Member #3 May 7, 2012, 08:22 AM
Thanks but the problem is i never understand when you are supose to cross valency basically i am not getting chemistry at all especially moles.!
 Chic_Bowdrie Posts: 54, Reputation: 31 Junior Member #4 May 14, 2012, 04:34 PM
It is hard to balance equations if you don't know the valences involved. To know the valences you have to learn the characteristics of the reactants and products. In this problem NO3 has a net valence of -1 and it does not change during the reaction. The Na ion is losing an electron and its valence goes from 0 to +1. To balance, H is originally +1 but picks up the electron from the Na and goes to a valence of 0. The coefficient of 2 is needed because H is normally combined as a diatomic molecule.

I guess this is one reason Chem is hard. There is no short cut. You have to figure out the valences of the components in the reaction to balance it.
 Hello411 Posts: 3, Reputation: 1 New Member #5 May 15, 2012, 08:28 AM
Thanks
 SHALEEN MEHTA Posts: 1, Reputation: 1 New Member #6 Jul 24, 2012, 07:14 AM
HNO3 + Na = NaNO3 + H2O IS IT CORRECT?
 Chic_Bowdrie Posts: 54, Reputation: 31 Junior Member #7 Jul 26, 2012, 08:10 AM
No, Shaleen, it is not.

Na and NO3 are combining in a single replacement oxidation-reduction reaction. There is no source of any further O available to create a H2O molecule. Na is oxidized to Na+ and H+ is reduced to H2. The valence of H in H2O is still +1.

## Check out some similar questions!

why not use ddeionised water?

This is for double titration question, It has three endpoints. KBO3...BO3 is a base? and HNO3 >> H= H30 Acid and NO3= Base....but which base do i use! Help, I have my final exam tomorrow and can not figure this out! I just need the net reaction, thanks!

NITRIC ACID,Concentration/mol dm^-3=0.5 and the pH value=2.0

Reaction of potassium hydroxide with nitric acid [ 1 Answers ]

The reaction of potassium hydroxide with nitric acid in water is given by the following equation: a. KOH (aq) + HNO3 (aq) > H2O + NO (g) + KO2 (aq) b. KOH (aq) + HNO3 (aq) > KNO3 (aq) + H2 (g) ...