Not that this is a heavy issue! But folks, traditionally the pepper shaker has fewer holes and the salt shaker has more holes. The way I've always remembered it is this -- if you were to dispense equal amounts of spices onto food (eg - 1/8 tsp of each onto a goulash serving), the salt might make your goulash too salty, but that same amount of pepper would make your goulash inedibly spicy (for most people.) So ... for the same stroke of both shakers, we'd generally want the salt shaker to dispense more than the pepper shaker. Said another way, you're gonna want less pepper on your food than salt. So smaller holes on the pepper shaker. And for all those folks who (quite correctly) claim that sodium intake is a concern ... true, but the holes-in-the-shaker convention was established long before the health-minded low-sodium fitness convention was established. Ta.